SOA implementation..websevices using WSDL and SOAP

Posted by Shashank Krishna Tuesday, July 28, 2009


following content is a tutorial from

Using the Web Services Description Language (WSDL)

The Web Services Description Language (WSDL) forms the basis for Web Services. The following figure illustrates the use of WSDL. At the left is a service provider. At the right is a service consumer. The steps involved in providing and consuming a service are:

  1. A service provider describes its service using WSDL. This definition is published to a directory of services. The directory could use Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI). Other forms of directories can also be used.
  2. A service consumer issues one or more queries to the directory to locate a service and determine how to communicate with that service.
  3. Part of the WSDL provided by the service provider is passed to the service consumer. This tells the service consumer what the requests and responses are for the service provider.
  4. The service consumer uses the WSDL to send a request to the service provider.
  5. The service provider provides the expected response to the service consumer.

More on Web Services Description Language (new window).

Web Services basics

Using Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI)

The directory shown in the above figure could be a UDDI registry. The UDDI registry is intended to eventually serve as a means of "discovering" Web Services described using WSDL . The idea is that the UDDI registry can be searched in various ways to obtain contact information and the Web Services available for various organizations. How much "discovery" will be used in the early days of Web Services is open to discussion. Nevertheless, even without the discovery portion, the UDDI registry is a way to keep up-to-date on the Web Services your organization currently uses. More on Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (new window). An alternative to UDDI is the ebXML Registry (new window).

Using SOAP

All the messages shown in the above figure are sent using SOAP. (SOAP at one time stood for Simple Object Access Protocol. Now, the letters in the acronym have no particular meaning .) SOAP essentially provides the envelope for sending the Web Services messages. SOAP generally uses HTTP , but other means of connection may be used. HTTP is the familiar connection we all use for the Internet. In fact, it is the pervasiveness of HTTP connections that will help drive the adoption of Web Services. More on SOAP and Messaging (new window).

The next figure provides more detail on the messages sent using Web Services. At the left of the figure is a fragment of the WSDL sent to the directory. It shows a CustomerInfoRequest that requires the customer's account to object information. Also shown is the CustomerInfoResponse that provides a series of items on customer including name, phone, and address items.

Web Services messaging

At the right of this figure is a fragment of the WSDL being sent to the service consumer. This is the same fragment sent to the directory by the service provider. The service consumer uses this WSDL to create the service request shown above the arrow connecting the service consumer to the service provider. Upon receiving the request, the service provider returns a message using the format described in the original WSDL. That message appears at the bottom of the figure.

Using XML with WSDL

WSDL uses XML to define messages. XML has a tagged message format. This is shown in the above figure. The tag has the value of Burnsville. And is the ending tag indicating the end of the value of city. Both the service provider and service consumer use these tags. In fact, the service provider could send the data shown at the bottom of this figure in any order. The service consumer uses the tags and not the order of the data to get the data values. More on the use of XML tags and a comparison of XML to using fixed record formats can be found in chapter 3 of Web Services and Service-Oriented Architectures: The Savvy Manager's Guide.

Simplified Web Services notation

For other figures on this site, a simplified notation will be used for Web Services. This is shown below. In the simplified notation, the directory is implicit in the wide rectangle labeled "Web Services" at the top of this figure. You could think of Web Services much like the bus in a PC in which you plug various circuit boards. Other middleware solutions appear similar and use the same "bus" concept. See Prior Service-Oriented Architecture specifications (new window).

Another important concept in service-oriented architectures is that any service provider could also be a service consumer. This is why the figure below shows only services at the bottom of the figure under the Web Services bus rather than a "service provider" and a "service consumer".

Simplified notation

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Shashank Krishna
Bangalore, up, India
nothin much to say.........doin in IIIT allahabad loves bloggingn hacking.... :) and loooves blogging
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