Oracle Interview Questions and Answers : SQL

Posted by Shashank Krishna Tuesday, July 20, 2010


sharethis: Oracle Interview Questions and Answers : SQL
1.     To see current user name
 Sql> show user;
2.     Change SQL prompt name
 SQL> set sqlprompt “Manimara > “
Manimara >
Manimara >
3.     Switch to DOS prompt
 SQL> host
4.     How do I eliminate the duplicate rows ?
 SQL> delete from table_name where rowid not in (select max(rowid) from table group by
duplicate_values_field_name);
or
SQL> delete duplicate_values_field_name dv from table_name ta where rowid <(select min(rowid) from
table_name tb where ta.dv=tb.dv);
Example.
Table Emp
Empno Ename
101             Scott
102             Jiyo
103             Millor
104             Jiyo
105             Smith
delete ename from emp a where rowid < ( select min(rowid) from emp b where a.ename = b.ename);
The output like,
Empno Ename
101             Scott
102             Millor
103             Jiyo
104             Smith
5.     How do I display row number with records?
To achive this use rownum pseudocolumn with query, like SQL> SQL> select rownum, ename from emp;
Output:
1                Scott
2                Millor
3                Jiyo
4                Smith
6.     Display the records between two range
select rownum, empno, ename from emp where rowid in
 (select rowid from emp where rownum <=&upto
 minus
 select rowid from emp where rownum<&Start);
Enter value for upto: 10
Enter value for Start: 7
   ROWNUM        EMPNO ENAME
--------- --------- ----------
      1      7782 CLARK
      2      7788 SCOTT
      3      7839 KING
      4      7844 TURNER
7.     I know the nvl function only allows the same data type(ie. number or char or date
Nvl(comm, 0)), if commission is null then the text “Not Applicable” want to display, instead of
blank space. How do I write the query?
 SQL> select nvl(to_char(comm.),'NA') from emp;
Output :
NVL(TO_CHAR(COMM),'NA')
-----------------------
NA
300
500
NA
1400
NA
NA
8.      Oracle cursor : Implicit & Explicit cursors
Oracle uses work areas called private SQL areas to create SQL statements.
PL/SQL construct to identify each and every work are used, is called as Cursor.
For SQL queries returning a single row, PL/SQL declares all implicit cursors.
For queries that returning more than one row, the cursor needs to be explicitly declared.
9.      Explicit Cursor attributes
 There are four cursor attributes used in Oracle
cursor_name%Found, cursor_name%NOTFOUND, cursor_name%ROWCOUNT, cursor_name%ISOPEN
10. Implicit Cursor attributes
 Same as explicit cursor but prefixed by the word SQL
SQL%Found, SQL%NOTFOUND, SQL%ROWCOUNT, SQL%ISOPEN
Tips : 1. Here SQL%ISOPEN is false, because oracle automatically closed the implicit cursor after
executing SQL statements.
      : 2. All are Boolean attributes.
11. Find out nth highest salary from emp table
 SELECT DISTINCT (a.sal) FROM EMP A WHERE &N = (SELECT COUNT (DISTINCT (b.sal)) FROM EMP B
WHERE a.sal<=b.sal);
Enter value for n: 2
     SAL
---------
    3700
12. To view installed Oracle version information
 SQL> select banner from v$version;
13. Display the number value in Words
 SQL> select sal, (to_char(to_date(sal,'j'), 'jsp'))
from emp;
the output like,
     SAL (TO_CHAR(TO_DATE(SAL,'J'),'JSP'))
--------- -----------------------------------------------------
     800 eight hundred
    1600 one thousand six hundred
    1250 one thousand two hundred fifty
If you want to add some text like,
Rs. Three Thousand only.
SQL> select sal "Salary ",
 (' Rs. '|| (to_char(to_date(sal,'j'), 'Jsp'))|| ' only.'))
 "Sal in Words" from emp
/
Salary Sal in Words
------- ------------------------------------------------------
   800 Rs. Eight Hundred only.
  1600 Rs. One Thousand Six Hundred only.
  1250 Rs. One Thousand Two Hundred Fifty only.
14. Display Odd/ Even number of records
 Odd number of records:
select * from emp where (rowid,1) in (select rowid, mod(rownum,2) from emp);
1
3
5
Even number of records:
select * from emp where (rowid,0) in (select rowid, mod(rownum,2) from emp)
2
4
6
15. Which date function returns number value?
 months_between
16. Any three PL/SQL Exceptions?
 Too_many_rows, No_Data_Found, Value_Error, Zero_Error, Others
17. What are PL/SQL Cursor Exceptions?
 Cursor_Already_Open, Invalid_Cursor
18. Other way to replace query result null value with a text
 SQL> Set NULL ‘N/A’
to reset SQL> Set NULL ‘’
19. What are the more common pseudo-columns?
 SYSDATE, USER , UID, CURVAL, NEXTVAL, ROWID, ROWNUM
20. What is the output of SIGN function?
 1 for positive value,
0 for Zero,
-1 for Negative value.
21. What is the maximum number of triggers, can apply to a single table?
 12 triggers.


Reactions: 
Spread Firefox Affiliate Button | edit post .

4 comments

  1. marudos Says,

    Hi

    I read this post two times.

    I like it so much, please try to keep posting.

    Let me introduce other material that may be good for our community.

    Source: Top interview questions

    Best regards
    Henry

     
  2. sbobet Says,

    sbo
    thnx for nice work
    and pretty simple example but
    where can i see the form i m not able to see the dorm created by module??livescore

     
  3. Bologna744 Says,

    Hi

    I read this post 2 times. It is very useful.

    Pls try to keep posting.

    Let me show other source that may be good for community.

    Source: Apple interview questions

    Best regards
    Jonathan.

     
  4. Anonymous Says,

    Nice information. Buy Samsung Galaxy Grand Quattro online from http://themobilestore.in

     

Post a Comment

Are You Planning on Quitting Facebook? Why?

@Flickr

www.flickr.com

About Me

My Photo
Shashank Krishna
Bangalore, up, India
nothin much to say.........doin B.tech in IIIT allahabad loves bloggingn hacking.... :) and loooves blogging
View my complete profile

ads2

topads